This year, many students noticed something different when they returned to Bonneville High School. Last year, school released at 3:48; school now releases at 3:54. While this seems like a tiny change, it can feel much longer to a student already in school for over seven hours each day. As sophomore Isaac LeCheminant put it, “We are already at school for so long that six minutes seems minuscule, but each minute feels agonizingly long.” It turns out that there is a valid reason for the change, despite many students’ complaints.
In a survey of 120 Bonneville students, many mentioned the same problem. While six minutes may not seem like much time, it is a significant amount of time to be late for work. Before this year, many students had work shifts that started at four. They had 12 minutes to pack up their belongings and drive to their workplaces. This year, they ran into a problem: with only six minutes to do all that, they either showed up to work late or had to change which shift they worked. Senior Mykl Paulsen said, “[I] am unable to work the same shift at work, so I get paid less because I can't work as long.” Additionally, a problem arose for some students with the bus schedule. The buses stop at the middle school before coming to BHS; however, Rocky Mountain still releases the students at the same time as last year. Sophomore Ammon Creager said, “I almost miss the bus every day.” With this new ten-minute gap between release times, the buses often show up at Bonneville before the end-of-day bell even rings.
It turns out that the addition is not just “because they want us to cry,” as junior Clara Hoadley joked; there is a real reason. BHS principal Levi Owen explained that in the past, “buses were not able to make it to BHS and other high schools until well after school ended. The extended time... greatly reduces the amount of time students are left ‘unsupervised’ after the school day” and provides district transportation a little more wiggle room at the end of the day.
The extra six minutes at the end of the day may not feel quite so lengthy, yet it adds up to a great deal by the end of the school year. According to Owen, “By adding 6 minutes to the schedule, we actually pick up extra ‘days’ in the case of inclement weather or other breaks.” In past years, the district has come very close to not meeting the state-required instructional time and almost had to shorten spring break or add a few days to the end of the year. These few extra days allow space to breathe if a storm or power outage cancels school for a day or two. Additionally, it allows the district to have a slightly longer winter break this year!
The Old Man in the Lighthouse
There once was an old man in a lighthouse. At the base of his towering candle-shaped home sat a weathered mailbox reading, “Residence of Johnny Orlando.” With his trusty Galápagos penguin Jalapeño at his side, Orlando climbed the spire every morning to activate the beacon in order to assist incoming shipping vessels. His deep hazel eyes would stare into the ocean void every day, reflecting the infinite grey and blue storm clouds beyond the horizon. The old man waited patiently for seabound visitors searching for lodging in the cliffside town of St. Bonneville. No one ever came, of course. After 86 years on the job, Orlando had never seen a single ship enter the bay with the help of his lighthouse.
His only customers nowadays were the city folk, desperate to make a name for themselves by charting the roaring sea. The routine was simple: Jalapeño would squawk whenever he spotted a sailor and their crew marching towards the water, Orlando would help them prepare their boat for their voyage, and he would give them his warning, “No one has come back from these waters in over 100 years.” As the vessels disappeared into the fog, the old man would shout, “Farewell and goodbye, children!” Orlando had guiltlessly sent thousands of adventurers into the tumultuous ocean. While he had admittedly overstayed his welcome in St. Bonneville, there he remained. He thought that his final resting place would be his lighthouse. Perhaps Jalapeño would be at his side as his fate was sealed far from the dangers of the stormy void. One thing was certain in the old man’s eyes: he would never doom himself to the water.
On one sunny morning, a few days before summer began, Orlando found a letter inside his mailbox. He walked to the top of the tower to read in comfort. The soaked paper had been blasted by the ocean’s foam and was barely legible. As the old man squinted his eyes, the words became clear.
To Mr. Johnny Orlando,
In order to expand the beautiful town of St. Bonneville, you will be removed from your sky-scraping lighthouse on the evening of June 2nd. The lighthouse will be demolished thereafter and you will be provided with a room in our luxury hotel. Accept these terms or be doomed to the stormy sea you have subjected the townsfolk to for decades.
Love, Mayor Wagner
Orlando crushed the paper with his dirt-encrusted fingers. He turned around to shout and curse his frustrations to Jalapeño, but his loyal penguin was nowhere to be found. The old man hobbled down the spiral staircase and swung the weathered front door open. Perched directly on the coastline was Jalapeño. Orlando knelt next to his 20 year old Galápagos penguin and began to cry. The warm tears felt foreign against his coarse cheeks, as did the feeling of fear in his heart. Suddenly, Jalapeño waddled towards the water. The penguin’s wings shook with what could only be anxiety. Despite the bird’s fear, it leaped into the silver ocean and swam into the void.
The old man sat on the coastline for a long time. Why had his penguin left him? Why was he being forced out of his home? He felt safe there and did not want to leave. As he saw a couple of bounding dolphins resist the waves and disappear into the clouds, he came to a realization. If women, men, penguins, and dolphins can conquer the sea then so can I, Orlando thought.
There once was an old man in a boat. After gathering up food, water, and a compass, the former lighthouse caretaker set sail. What rested beyond the sea no longer mattered to Johnny Orlando. The ocean was his to discover, and he hoped to find Jalapeño again someday.
Depp vs. Heard
Most people have heard of the famous actor Johnny Depp, star of Pirates of the Caribbean, and the actress Amber Heard, best known for her appearance in Aquaman. The couple started dating toward the end of 2011 and Heard was spotted wearing an engagement ring in 2014.The two were married a year later; however, Heard filed for divorce in 2016 with accusations of abuse towards Depp. Heard stated that Depp was physically abusing her, usually while under the influence of drugs or alcohol. Shortly after filing for divorce, Heard also filed for a restraining order against her soon-to-be ex-husband..
In March of 2019, Depp filed a defamation lawsuit against Heard and sued her for 50 million dollars. Defamation occurs when someone makes a false statement about another, causing harm to their reputation. Over a year later, in August of 2020, Heard countersued Depp for 100 million dollars. They finally entered court on April 11th, 2022 in Fairfax, Virginia.
The slandering of each other's names has caused Heard and Depp to be dropped from several acting roles. Heard was offered two million dollars to appear in Aquaman 2, which is scheduled to release in 2023. She testified that her role in the sequel was reduced and she is unsure if she will make an appearance in the movie. Heard also noted that she had to fight to keep her spot in the movie. Depp also lost his 22.5 million dollar Disney contract as Captain Jack Sparrow. Depp’s manager said that he was up to play the role again, but in an article published in The Sun Newspaper Heard quoted an op-ed in which she was calling herself a “public figure representing domestic abuse.”An op-ed is an denoting or printed on the page opposite the editorial page in a newspaper, devoted to the commentary feature articles, etc. The article was published in April 2021 after Heard’s allegations towards Depp were released. In the article, Depp was referred to as a “wife beater.” Depp sued The Sun publishers two months later; nevertheless, fans are still standing strong by his side.
Supporters for Depp and Heard have been waiting outside the courthouse for several weeks now. As the exes arrive, fans line up the streets in support of their given side. People have made signs that say “Stand with Amber '' or “Justice4Johnny” for moral support. As of late, social media has caused a rift in the public, with people picking sides and defending the two actors. Heard went on the stand Thursday, May 26th, and started crying because of the harassment and torment she has received over the trial.
Now that the trial has ended and they are in deliberation. Many supporters are just waiting to find out the result.
Update: The results are in. As of June 1st, the jury determined Heard and Depp both liable for deflation; the jury has awarded Depp 10 million compensatory damages and Heard 2 million.
The Sleepless Chronicles
*This article has not been edited in any way, shape, or form in order to illustrate the mind’s progression throughout a night of no sleep.*
As an experiment of curiosity and inspired by a rumored “no sleep day” in May, one of The Buzz staff volunteered to do an all-nighter for her article. The following story contains timestamps throughout the night where I will update on my level of tiredness, what is going through my mind, how I am staying awake, and my overall wellness.
11:00 p.m.- This is the beginning of my all-nighter. This is around the time I usually start winding down, and I feel it is an average late night time for other teens. I am not super tired as of now, but I do feel my body starting to become slower and my brain does not want to function. My tiredness level is 4/10. Right now I am finishing my anatomy and physiology sketchbook because I have a test tomorrow (shout out Mr. Coombs). That is really the only thing going through my mind and what is keeping me awake. My overall wellness is 8/10; I am feeling normal.
12:15 a.m.- Not much has changed since my last timestamp except that I am more awake than I was before, which is odd. My tiredness level is 3/10. I am still studying for my test tomorrow. I would still rate my wellness at 8/10. No significant changes thus far.
1:10 a.m.- I think I am starting to hit a wall. I am definitely more tired and my body wants to sleep, but it is not too bad. I would say a solid 6/10 on the tiredness scale. I have been reading to keep me awake as well as drinking a lot of water. I would say my overall wellness is at its constant 8/10.
2:05 a.m.- I am definitely quite tired. It is yawn central over here. I keep weaving through bouts of tiredness. We are definitely up to a 7/10 for tiredness percentage. There is really nothing going on in my brain. I have resorted to tiktoks to help me stay awake. Sour Patch Watermelons have also been imperative to this journey. My overall wellness has probably dropped to a 6/10 because this computer light burns my corneas.
4:15 a.m.- This time stamp is farther away in time than the others, and that is because I got distracted and lost track of time. My tiredness level is at 8/10. I have definitely been dropping in and out of consciousness, but I have watch Episode II of Star Wars. So on my mind and what kris me awake is Anakin Skywalker. Overall wellness is 5/10. I have run out of Sour Oatch Watermelons.
5:15a.m.- I think I am finally on to the upwards slope of my tiredness battle. I am staring to feel more awake as time passes placing me at a 6/10. I have gone back to tiktok to stay awake. Overall wellness is 5/10; the birds have woken up.
6:15 a.m.- As I reach the end of my sleepless journey, I honestly feel pretty awake. Tiredness only being 6/10. I do not think I could go to sleep at this very moment, but time surprises me. Keeping me awake is honestly just my own thoughts. My overall wellness is 7/10.
From Rock Bottom
May 2nd marks the 50th birthday of famous actor and athlete Dwayne Johnson. Dwayne Douglas Johnson, also known as The Rock, was born in Hayward, California on May 2nd, 1972. Johnson is the son of Ata Johnson and professional wrestler Rocky Johnson. Growing up, he traveled a plentiful amount and gained tons of wrestling experience watching his father perform in the ring. As a child, he lived in New Zealand but returned to the United States for high school as an athlete on the track & field and wrestling teams. During his high school years, Johnson began playing football and later received a scholarship from the University of Miami, where he had prodigious success as a football player. In 1995, Johnson suffered multiple back injuries which caused him to quit the sport and lose a spot in the NFL. After his college football injuries, Johnsons’ grade point average plummeted to 0.7; he was not only sitting on the bench, but also on academic probation.
In the end, Johnson got himself together and continued to pursue his football career after graduating from the University of Miami with a 2.9 GPA. The Canadian Football League called out to Johnson for a position on a practice squad; Johnson left for Canada, only to make $200 a week and live in a small, dingy apartment. Though he was making progress, Johnson decided to uproot and leave his sedimentary lifestyle.
With his football career not going in the right direction, Johnson flew back to Florida where his parents lived at the time Johnson had another profession in mind: he wanted his father to teach him more about wrestling so he could start another career. Rocky Johnson knew the struggle of life as a wrestler from his experiences and warned his son of the rough path he would endure. Eventually, Rocky agreed, and Johnson and his father practiced for long hours under scheduled training.
Johnson eventually overcame the affliction and was able to make a hit on WWE Wrestling. With growing popularity, Johnson got his wrestling nickname The Rock. Johnson did not take his name for granite. He started becoming more recognizable and was a guest on many television shows. His big screen career started with small parts on shows such as Star Trek: Voyager and That '70s Show, but he went on to act in blockbuster movies such as The Mummy Returns and Jumanji: Welcome to the Jungle. His famous catchphrases and popularity in the ring boosted his success as an actor, and he has performed in over 60 movies. Through drive and power, Dwayne Johnson worked his way to the very top. One of Johnson's mantras that holds sedimental value to help him succeed is “With drive and a bit of talent, you can move mountains.” It is important to recognize the importance of The Rock and his effect on modern-day sports and entertainment.
Seven Days Until April 22
Posted in the hallways, on teacher’s whiteboards, and through various social media posts: “__ days until April 22.” So what is happening on April 22? Nobody knows except the student council, the administration, and their advisor, Mrs. Clayton. When confronted about April 22, the repeated reply is “Earth Day” or nothing at all. Although Earth Day is April 22, there has to be something more, right?
Amidst the mystery, speculation of what is happening on April 22 has been abundant. A survey of 103 students and faculty gave The Buzz feedback on Bonneville’s guesses about the unknown event. One of the most common responses was a party; some people specified ideas of a pizza party at lunch, a movie party, a dance, or a game day. The party guesses usually came with the prediction of an assembly. Another frequent guess, or lack of a guess, was “idk.” A handful observed that April 22 marks the end of the student council campaign week and believe it has something to do with the elections. In conjunction with Earth Day, some guessed that there will be a school-wide clean up or an environmentally related project. A mental health or de-stress day was also suggested. A few students wished that there would be a half-day or no school.
Although most responses were positive, there were a few that were more negative. One student wrote, “I have heard it has nothing to do with food, which really disappoints me. I really have no idea. Everything exciting I can think of has to do with food.” Another recurring negative reply was that nothing is happening on April 22. They guessed that it will be a prank on the student body. While most responses had a matching group or pair, there were a few guesses that stood alone. Those guesses were “Easter,” “a big picnic,” “yearbooks arriving,” “something goofy,” “a bubble parade,” “prom,” and finally “mass chaos,” which is highly probable.
While waiting to find out what happens on April 22, here is a limerick written by junior Rebekah Grover that accurately describes the suspense created by Student Council:
There once was a student government,
Who held all the student body in puzzlement.
They were very tight-lipped,
From the students' mouths sighs slipped.
For they knew not what would happen on April 22nd.
The History of March Madness
March Madness is a special time of the year for basketball fans; it is the excitement surrounding the Illinois state college basketball tournaments. The beginning of March introduces the start of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) basketball tournament. Teams from colleges all over the country compete to claim the national championship. There are a total of 68 teams competing in seven rounds. At the end of the sixth round, four teams continue to the penultimate round also known as the Final Four. Fans gather to watch the remaining four teams compete to determine which team will take the title of the next U.S. national champion.
The NCAA was founded on March 31st, 1906 by Theodore Roosevelt. The initial reason for the NCAA was not basketball, however; it was formed to preserve football as a college sport. Around the early 1900s, no less than forty-five football players had suffered fatal in-game injuries. Most of these players died from head injuries, broken necks, internal damage, or broken backs. Roosevelt assembled a meeting consisting of many coaches and athletic advisers proceeding to discuss how to make the game safer, which led to Roosevelt modifying a few rules and safety regulations to make sure the players were protected from injury. To raise awareness for basketball in the NCAA, a group of teams from Lincoln, Illinois known as the "Sweet Sixteen"attempted to promote Illinois basketball in times before there was television and national media. Little did they know, basketball fever was already on the rise.
Fast forward to March 17th 1939: the NCAA held its very first Division 1 men’s basketball tournament, which is known as March Madness today. The first tournament consisted of eight teams. After these games, the two remaining teams, The University of Oregon and Ohio State University, played the final round at Northwestern University's campus in Evanston, Illinois. Oregon defeated Ohio State 46–33 on March 27th, 1939.
Today’s version of March Madness is very different from the early days of the NCAA. One example of this is “The Happening,” a thrilling contest featuring the country's best three-point shooters and is now an extra part of these tournaments. The team count was also raised. In earlier times there were about eight teams competing in the tournament. In 1951, the number of teams was raised to 16, and 34 years later it was increased to 64. As of November 2021 the number consisted of 68 teams. March Madness has a major influence on basketball around the world and nearly 700,000 fans go to watch the basketball tournament every year. Basketball is already a very popular sport in the United States, but there is much more in store for the future as the game becomes more popular every year.
Gold at the End of the Rainbow
With Saint Patrick's Day right around the corner, and everyone is getting ready for the little leprechauns to be out. Leprechauns come from Irish folktales, and are usually depicted as small bodied, short bearded men wearing green coats and hats with mischievous behavior. The leprechaun can be dated all the way back to the ninth century. Celtic history plays a big part in the leprechauns' past, as that is where people believe they had originated. Since they have been around for centuries, they have evolved into the short little green man that steals people's gold. They have also been depicted as shoe makers, with their pot of gold hidden at the end of the rainbow.
Irish folklore has depicted these creatures as alcohol stealing thieves, probably an excuse for drinking all their goods. The earliest reference to these creatures is a medieval tale known as Echtra Fergus mac Leti, or Adventures of Fergus, Son of Leti. The tale follows Fergus Mac Leti, the king of Ulster. He falls asleep on the beach and wakes up to three small, bearded creatures dragging him into the sea. The King Leti then proceeds to capture his abductors, The leprechauns then grant him three wishes in return for their freedom. Leprechauns have also become very popular during the month of march, as Saint Patrick's Day is March 17th. This is the day where people dress all up in green and pinch each other for not wearing green. It is also when people cause some mayhem, and pull crazy pranks on each other. Leprechauns are tricksters and play practical jokes, which people are very amused by these pranks. Saint Patrick's Day is celebrated all across the world, and everyone celebrates it differently; in the core of it, there is almost always some leprechaun-like creature. In America, Leprechauns have been used as slogans, mascots, and more. For instance the Boston Celtics, an NBA Basketball team's mascot is Lucky the Leprechaun. He is a small bodied person with clovers all over his green shirt, a pipe, and a top hat. Lucky has clovers all over him, as the clover is a representation of Ireland. There are three leaf clovers, which were leaves that were very common in Ireland. There is also a four leafed clover which is supposed to represent luck. That's why these leprechauns are so lucky. Another one is Lucky Charms cereal, whose mascot is also a leprechaun named Lucky, but he is dressed in all green, with fancy shoes and a single four-leafed clover sticking from his hat.
From Ireland to America, the folklore has had much research and conspiracies, and there will be more to come. The tale of the leprechaun will stay the same.
A Push for Progress
*Trigger Warning* - mentions of physical, emotional, and sexual abuse
February is National Teenage Dating Violence Awareness and Prevention Month. Alarmingly, teen dating violence – a pattern of aggressive, abuse, and controlling behaviors that happen within a relationship, are common. Virtually, one in 11 teenage women and one in 14 teenage men have experienced physical abuse, while one in 8 female and one in 26 male high school students experience sexual abuse. The repercussions of this abuse can be and are very detrimental to the survivor’s well-being and are at risk to develop addictions, mental disorders, take part in illegal activity, and become suicidal (CDC). Despite all of this, teen dating violence is usually preventable; however, when it is not when it is not, it is important to learn how to support victims.
In an anonymous interview, it was voiced that, “...being supportive could just be having someone to talk to them and not tell them it is their fault.” When supporting a survivor of abuse, be there and listen. A lot of the time words are not needed to provide support for someone. It was also stated that the supporter should, “...just give them reassurance and do not corner them because when (I feel) cornered, I shut down.” Avoid pushing for information; survivors will open up when they feel safe.
By creating safe environments, supporting victims, and teaching healthy relationship skills such as setting boundaries, consent, and respect, along with how to recognize warning signs, the violence can be stopped before it begins. To create a secure environment for teenagers, allow open and judgment-free communication when it comes to topics such as relationships and sex. Another way to show support is to let them know that what they feel is validated, and to avoid victim-blaming— holding the victim at fault rather than the perpetrator. Consider using phrases such as “Nothing you did or could have done differently makes this your fault.” or “I know it can feel like you did something wrong, but I promise you didn’t.” Finally, know where to point them for professional help. Here are several resources to recommend them to, remember they are not obligated to call these helplines, so leave space for them to decide what they want to do.
National Domestic Violence Hotline - 1 (800) 779-723 - www.ndvh.org
National Teen Dating Abuse Helpline - 1 (866) 331-9474 - www.loveisrespect.org
Idaho 24-Hour Domestic Violence Helpline - 1 (800) 669-3176 - www.icdv.idaho.gov
“I show my scars so that others know they can heal” -Rhachelle Nicol
Black Trailblazers in Medicine
February is a month dedicated to honoring and celebrating Black accomplishments, impacts, and Black Americans everywhere. Every year Black History Month has a theme that focuses on different aspects of the Black community. The theme for 2022 is Black Health and Wellness. This theme concentrates on contributions the Black community has made to the healthcare world and actions they have taken to promote wellness.
There have been countless Black medical heroes who have made great impacts on the world of medicine. Being a man of firsts, Dr. James McCune Smith, was a trailblazer for Black people in healthcare. From 1835 to 1837, Smith earned three degrees from the University of Glasgow located in Scotland. He was the first African American to receive a medical degree, own a pharmacy, and be published in medical journals. Smith was also a renowned abolitionist who used his writings to scientifically discredit racist beliefs, such as those in Thomas Jeffereson’s Notes on the State of Virginia. Another Black medical heroine is Henrietta Lacks. Lacks was a young mother who died of cervical cancer in 1951. During treatment, samples of her cancer cells were taken without consent, and they were found to be “immortal,” meaning the cell line was durable and long lasting. The cell's longevity allowed numerous scientific experiments and studies to be conducted. This significant discovery was made after Lacks lost her life to cancer, and her family was not made aware of this for almost two decades. Although unbeknownst to her, Lacks’ contribution to medicine has led to advancements in vaccines for HPV and polio, medication for HIV/AIDS, and Covid-19 responses. This particular type of immortalized cells are now known as HeLa cells, named after Lacks. The Lacks family carries on her legacy through the advocacy for equitable healthcare and access to HPV vaccines.
Black history plays a tremendous role in American history and should be studied along with it all year; however, having a month to focus on the often lesser-known and forgotten history of African Americans is crucial. Black doctors, nurses, patients, and many more have an innumerable impact on healthcare, and it is only right to honor their legacy and bring awareness to those who have shaped the modern world of medicine.
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